Driving In Turkey

I will admit, the prospect of navigating a spotless rental car through Istanbul, a chaotic city of over 14 million people, not to mention the numerous other chaotic, but smaller cities, and death-defying high speed freeways we would be facing in the coming days did not initially sit very well with me. But alas, given the time we had, what we were wanting to get out of the trip, the added benefits and tiny difference in cost, it was absolutely  the right thing to do.

We rented a car through http://www.economycarrentals.com, which is just a typical car rental agency amalgamator – ours ended up coming from Budget. We had a number of choices on how we wanted to get it, the usual array of airports, hotels, etc, we decided skeptically to try having them deliver it right to our hotel for us in the heart of Istanbul’s old town (Sultanamet), which seemed like it would never work. And of course it did, our guy Kaan showed up 15 minutes earlier than we requested!

We got a virtually brand-new Fiat Linea – A 4-door, manual, diesel version. Important things to note: apparently almost all rentals in Turkey have manual transmissions, so if you don’t know how to drive stick (well, you should probably learn because it’s not that hard!), but if you don’t have time to learn, that could be an issue. As well, we got unexpectedly upgraded to the diesel model, and man oh man, I couldn’t recommend going for that enough. In the thousands of kilometers that would follow, we filled up only four times. Note that petrol in Turkey costs about $2.50USD per litre (not gallon!), so that came as a real blessing. Also note that availability of “Eurodiesel” as its called is not an issue – unlike North America, all gas stations carry the stuff.

Driving in Turkey (…when in Rome!)

If there were only one piece of advice I would give to someone that was planning on driving in Turkey, it would be this: Drive like you are a Turk. Turkish people drive very aggressively. According to the Lonely Planet, Turkey has one of the world’s highest motor-vehicle accident rates. But don’t let that scare you! The only thing we saw happen on our 3000km journey was a minor fender bender in Instabul before we even got our car. And I was shocked at how courteous the drivers were to each other – they both got out, looked at the bumper, the rear-ender put his hand on the other guy’s shoulder (presumably apologizing), and they both got back in their cars and drove away. Something you would never see here in North America.

Drive defensively. This should go without saying no matter where you are, but I think the only reason Turkey’s system works is because everyone drives so defensively.

Turkish people drive very fast on the freeways. It wouldn’t be uncommon for us to be going around 130kph (my attempt at driving like the locals), and have a number of cars pass us like we were standing still. But don’t drive faster than the rest! There are plenty of police out there and they do pull people over. In fact I thought I got flagged over at one point, then he pulled over another, and then waved me onward to go. I think what happened was he saw that I was a foreigner and didn’t want to deal with the language barrier, but that’s just a guess (if that was indeed the case, it’s about as different as could be from our roadtrip through Mexico!).

Most important of all, absolutely do not drive in the fast line ever, unless you are actively passing someone. That is what the Turks do, and that is what you should do. Cars moving at 180kph come up very quickly behind you, and if you are doddling along at your own pace in the fast lane, you could find yourself in a real mess.

The State of the Nation

First off, the signage is very good. Much better than I expected, even not having any of them in English. There are a tremendous amount of highways you can take to get you anywhere; they are in great shape with few potholes, and they could be oddly void of traffic even at times when I thought they ought to be busy (save Istanbul, perhaps). For example we were approaching the town of Konya (pop: 1.1 million, 7th largest in Turkey) on a normal weekday around 1pm, we were well within the city limits, under 10km from the town centre, and there was hardly a sole to be seen. Things got even more desolate from there as you left the cities. There are improvements to the highways being made everywhere (I’m not really sure why to tell you the truth, given how few motorists there were using them), and I would say 90% of the time, the road was 4 lanes, divided. A few of the highways do have tolls, but they are very inexpensive compared to others we’ve had to pay in Mexico, South Africa and various countries around Europe (all were around $2 – $3)  One last thing to note: side roads could be very skinny at times (perhaps Europeans wouldn’t notice that as much as I did), so something to be aware of, but worth making use of since that’s where you find all the good stuff!

Our Route

Driving In Turkey

This was our route – note that when you click on the image, Google maps gets it wrong on top of the Sea of Marmara

Because we were wanting to spend as much time as we could on the coast of Turkey, we decided to take the more scenic highway that runs north of the Sea of Marmara and spits you out on the coast where the Marmara meets the Mediterranean. There are a number of ferries that leave from a couple different ports there, some of them as often as every 30 minutes. Loading/unloading the ferry was as easy as any other ferry I’ve ever been on. I was quite nervous at first that that highway would be quite rough and poorly maintained, but as stated earlier, like most other highways in Turkey it was really good, four lanes divided pretty much the whole way. I’m not really sure why everyone and every website wants you to go below the Sea of Marmara so badly (Google maps included!), the drive we took was really quite pleasant, I would imagine much more interesting than the drive below the sea, and probably only an extra hour or maybe two at the most. We left our hotel in central Istanbul right at noon, and caught the 5:30 ferry to Canakkale, and were in Assos for a lovely sundowner. So perhaps 7 hours including Istanbul traffic, and a 30 minute wait for the ferry.

#travel #turkey

A photo posted by Gary Bearchell (@nobleanarchist) on

After a night in Assos, we took our time down some really tight coastal roads that eventually hooked up to the secondary E87 highway. Made a couple hour stop in the quaint town of Aayvalik which after about 20 minutes of exploring I was convinced I wanted to live there – it had a really cool old town well worth walking through.

After some more secondary highway driving you eventually get to Izmir where it becomes a massive, tolled highway (the O31) and so it was time to get that needle up to 140kph so as to keep up with traffic. Shortly after Izmir is Selcuk and the mighty Ephesus where we spent the night.

Library at Ephesus #travel #turkey

A photo posted by Gary Bearchell (@nobleanarchist) on

The D550 is another nice secondary highway from Selcuk to Datca (a little hairy getting through Marmaris on the way, but not too bad). We spent the next day touring about the Datca peninsula and all of its mountainous, farming roads. The distances were all quite short (no more than two hours right to the ancient site of Knidos on the tip, and an absolutely great day of driving to get there and back (an area you’d never see by bus).

Datca to Kalkan (the D400) was another easy day of putting along at our own pace, stopping at a number of the old ruins and beaches along the way. I can’t recommend staying in Kalkan enough – though very touristy looking at first, you can quickly cut through the facade and realize there’s a lot more to it and it’s surrounding area.

View of mosque from our room's patio #travel #turkey

A photo posted by Gary Bearchell (@nobleanarchist) on

The next day, the D400 continued, along the world-famous Lycian Way from Kalkan to Cirali, right beside Mount Olympos and the must-see Chimaera Natural flames coming out of the side of a mountain!). A few nice stops along the way, including the town of Kas which was a fantastic way to spend a couple of hours out on a boat tour of the islands.

Last night I blew out one of Mt Olympos' eternal flames. Seriously. #travel #turkey #lp

A photo posted by Gary Bearchell (@nobleanarchist) on

From Cirali we zipped through the big and bad Antalya (quite nice in fact – traffic was a little hairy again, but nothing worth losing sleep over) and to Side. Side is the Europeans package holiday haven. Not really my cup of tea, but did have a decent set of ruins to see plus some good drinking establishments.

A big drive from Side to Goreme, Cappadocia on the D696/D300 (well, we’re from Canada… 8 hours ain’t that bad); plenty of big, mountain passes on the way, and next to no cars to contend with.

The mushroom-capped fairy chimneys of Cappadocia #travel #turkey #kyrenian

A photo posted by Gary Bearchell (@nobleanarchist) on

Then one last 9 hour push to get us back to Istanbul. Note that the outskirts of Istanbul pretty much start around the 7 hour mark of the trip, and then its aggressive, bumper to bumper driving the whole rest of the way into the city. We got into town on a Sunday evening around 5pm which I think was a huge blessing compared to what it might have been like in rush hour on your average weekday.

**Note: Our original plan was to turn the car in at Antalya when we got there, then take the bus or fly to Goreme, then do the same again back to Istanbul to avoid the long driving days of not seeing much. But when we sat down and did the math combined with the inconveniences of it all (you can only take a night bus from Antalya to Goreme, or to fly, you have to go through Istanbul!) it just wasn’t worth it. This also enabled us to avoid the one-way fee we’d have to pay of dropping the car off in a different city from the one we picked it up in.

The Cost

What did all of this end up costing us? The car was 21 euro a day (so $27.50USD a day), plus we sprung for some extra insurance that in the end wasn’t necessary, though if I had to go back and do it all again, I would probably go for it once more  just to be safe – that was another $10USD a day. For 2 weeks the final bill was $550USD plus about $300 in fuel, so $850, or $425 per person. I guarantee that you would have a very hard time seeing everything we saw for that price by taking buses, taxis, airplanes, etc, and it would be a heck of a lot more trouble…

Just Do It, You Will Love It!

What more can I say… two weeks was slightly too short to do everything we did. One more week would have been wonderful, allowing us to stay and explore a few of the highlights that we really dug, plus we didn’t get into Eastern Turkey, or up to the Black Sea, both of which we would have loved to do.

But in any case, if you are planning on travelling Turkey any time soon, go on, rent a car and go driving in Turkey!

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20 Responses to Driving In Turkey

  1. Sir Travelot says:

    Call it, the Turkey-Doughnut tour.

  2. Nandan says:

    Wow. What a super blog about a great driving experience.
    I am planning on hiring a mini-van since we are a family of 7! Dont know whether that’s a good idea at this time…. but am wondering about parking. Did you have any trouble with that in the smaller towns (since we are not planning on driving inside istanbul).

  3. mzungu says:

    Hey Nandan!

    Nope, we didn’t have any trouble with parking in the small towns at all. Well, let me elaborate a little bit – in some towns, the streets could be INCREDIBLY tight, and for example in Side, you actually aren’t even allowed to drive in the main part of the old town at all. That said, as soon as we found a hotel we wanted to stay in (which sometimes involved us finding a random place to park that was a number of blocks away from the hotel), we would tell them we had a car, and each time they would say “no problem, we have parking…”, and then they would show us where, and we would go get our car and move it there. Or they’d come with us, get in the car with us, and show us where to go.

    We had a medium-sized 4 door sedan as I said in the blog, definitely in general smaller is better, but certainly there are lots of people with minivans there, so I’m sure you’ll get along just fine with one :)

    Good luck!

  4. Daniel says:

    How much did you pay for hotels in the small towns?

    • mzungu says:

      Hi Daniel!

      My girlfriend and I like to try to make it cheap when we can, but also will do mid-range accommodations if the deal is good :)

      I think we averaged around $50/night for the two of us? Sometimes a bit cheaper, and sometimes as much as around the $80 mark, I’d say?

      Hope that helps!

  5. Willie says:

    Awesome blog!!!
    I am going to rent a car similar to the one you did, but I will take the road South of the Marmara so I can make a beeline straight to Izmir from Istanbul. Two questions (hope they’re not silly):
    -What are the frequency of gas stations on the highways? Are they like the rest areas in Germany/Italy?
    -I know you didn’t take the road south of Marmara, but can you comment on the road conditions though the passes? Thank you.

    • mzungu says:

      Hey Willie!

      Glad you’re enjoying the blog :)

      Yeah, that route is possibly the most well established route in all of Turkey (without as you say, having been on it myself :)… it was the way everyone told us we should be going, until we told them how much time we had to play with, at which point they agreed what we were planning was a good way to go.

      In any case, we were on the same highway you’ll be taking out of Istanbul for at least a couple of hours, and it was insanely busy (I’d try to time my departure from Istanbul very carefully… we arrived back on a Sunday evening which I think was probably ok? Early morning, etc would definitely be advisable), and then the highways going into Izmir are also very, very busy. I would imagine for the 6 or so hours between those busy ends, it might be like a busy version of our route heading up to Goreme.

      That is, really high mountain passes with less traffic, four lanes divided, and almost certainly in very good condition.

      There were gas station/rest areas similar to Germany/Italy closer to the big cities, but up in the mountains they would likely be restricted to your typical small town brand. But plenty of them… you have nothing to worry about there I’m sure!

      Hope that helps… thanks for reading, and good luck with the trip!

  6. Fahd says:

    Fantastic blog post! I’m planning a similar trip to Turkey in August, albeit for a month instead of two weeks (but I’ll probably be spending one whole week in Istanbul). This is exactly the information I was looking for. I think I’ll take the exact same route you did, but might add a detour to Cappadocia along the way.

    I checked a couple rental websites and saw that a 4-door sedan will cost me about $1000-1400 for three weeks. I’ll check the website you posted and see if their prices are better.

    Thanks again for the info!

  7. SE says:

    Such a huge relief to have found your blog and reassured that you are a fellow Vancouverite! I met with my turkish friend earlier today to bounce off ideas about our upcoming trip to turkey and she was adamant that we do not drive at all – this didn’t deter us but slight caution bells rang in my mind! This post is definitely putting my mind at ease! I really appreciate your map as it is almost the route we want to take. We have just under 3 weeks and here’s our planned route: spend time in Istanbul (rent a car from here) then drive to the north coast: stop in Amasra, Safranbolu; then to central turkey with stops in Cappadocia, Konya; then the coast: Anatalya, Cirali/Olympos, Kas or Kalkan; back inland with Pamukkale; then Efes, and Izmir (but only to drop off the car and possibly fly back to Istanbul)

    A few questions to ask:
    -how bad is it really to drive in Istanbul? would you recommend leaving early in the day to avoid the much feared craziness?
    -do you recommend having the automatic toll cards (versus having coins/lower denomination bills handy) and is that easy to figure out as you’re driving through the motorway? (kinda like you would with toll bridges in California, etc. or even how the new Port Mann bridge functions now with the tag)
    -visiting through the south coast, did you guys have planned stops or were you more spontaneous about stopping in on the coastal towns? was dropping in on the accommodations easy or do you recommend booking ahead?
    -how late in the evening did you guys drive? is it relatively safe to do night driving or do you not recommend it?

    I can’t say enough how helpful and awesome this post is! Thanks so much for the detailed info!
    (sorry for the longwinded comments/questions)

    • mzungu says:

      Hey SE!

      Glad to hear you got so much out of my Turkey summary; it certainly has been one of my most popular posts! Man, I could really use a trip to Turkey right about now. I really think you will enjoy your time there!

      Instanbul definitely is a bit hectic to get through, and I actually probably would recommend leaving earlier in the day (like we did) to get your feet wet under some easier driving conditions. That said, by the time we finished the loop through the country and returned to the city, it was a very busy Sunday afternoon, and being quite used to driving in the country by then, we had no problems navigating our way through to our hotel!

      If memory serves, I believe our rental car had the toll card built right into it, and all the costs just appeared on our bill. That said, I personally probably wouldn’t bother pursuing it if it weren’t that way, I would just make sure I had cash on me for that sort of thing. I would look at it as another way to have a small, pleasant interaction with one of the locals :)

      We are always pretty spontaneous travellers when we are abroad. We definitely would have had a vague route planned, but we wouldn’t have had any hotels pre-booked at all. So in fact I would actually recommend doing that, assuming there isn’t some crazy Turkish holiday going on during your trip! (come to think of it, there was something going on in Istanbul when we first arrived and we did have a hard time finding a hotel, so perhaps that might be the one recommendation I’d have there…)

      I don’t think driving at night is the greatest idea in the world. Then again, it’s not India or Ethiopia or some country where the livestock is free to roam (always the biggest danger in my opinion). So I would say don’t plan to do it, but if the sun is setting and you are an hour out of your destination, go for it, but do it with care!

      Hope that helps and I hope you have an amazing trip :)


  8. Mary says:

    Hi Gary,

    I happened to your blog and how glad i am that I did. It really reassured me. Thanks.

    We are going to Turkey for the forst time at the beginning of May. Although we are staying at the same place for our time there, we wanted to hire a car and see more of the surrounding areas (rather that rely on ;tours), as we have previously done in various parts of Europe, the USA and Australia.
    After reading your blog, I feel much more confident.
    Many thanks.

  9. Mary says:

    No, thank you. I think that you didn’t realise how many people you woud help by writing your blog. counting down the days. :-)

  10. Samuel Chan - Victoria B.C. says:

    I too – thank you very much for taking your time for this, much appreciated
    We are planning our trip for end of Oct till mid-Nov this year…


  11. Sara says:

    Hi. Going to Istanbul early August. I was relieved reading your post about driving. We plan on getting from the airport to Bozcaada. I am not sure I understood correctly you route. You drove to canackale? And took a ferry from there ? Should we drive north of the marmara as the map showed?

    • mzungu says:

      Yep – we drove north of the Marmara and took the ferry across. Pretty sure you can do either if you want. But if memory serves, it is the more scenic route above the lake, and a big highway below the lake. So I guess it depends on how much time you have! (that said, we easily made it from Istanbul, across the ferry and well beyond Canackale in one day… so it’s not that slow going).

      Enjoy your trip!

  12. Miguel Ribeiro says:

    Hi Gary

    Well done on your trips and blog!

    I’m planning to rent a car and do a small road trip from Izmir to Fethiye.

    I hope you can help me with 2 questions.
    First is about road tools… Any tips or advice?
    Second is about driving during night time. Is it safe?

    Many thanks in advance.



  13. Miguel Ribeiro says:

    I will do it during Kurban Bayrami religious holiday (23-26 Sep) as this is the only time my Turkish friend got off work.
    I reckon roads will be busier than normal… Should I be worried?

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